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Old 07-16-2007, 11:10 AM   #1
Rippen Griffen
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Default Power Steering How-To

How to replace the Power Steering Fluid
Well, I searched here and other forums (scoobymods.com) with out much info. Using this page from the service manual helped, but it left out several steps.

THIS IS A TWO PERSON JOB!!!

Fluid
1 quart of Automatic Transmission Fluid (ATF)

Tools needed
1 - Flat tip screw driver
1 - 10 mm socket
1 - 12 mm socket
1 - 14 mm socket
1 - 12 mm wrench
1 - pliers
1 - Drain pan

Step 1:
Open hood and remove two 12 mm bolts on intake scoop. Remove the scoop (lift up right side and it will pop off)

Step 2:
Remove cap from power steering reservoir

Step 3:
Raise the car up (use jack stands "Safety first"), not to high. A person must sit in the car while another person fills the power steering reservoir.

Step 4:
Under the car - Remove the Plastic engine cover under the car, using the 12 mm socket (5 bolts) and flat tip screw driver (4 clips)

Step 5:
Remove the center jack plate, using 14 mm socket (4 nuts), and 12mm socket and 12 mm wrench (2 rear bolts & 2 front nuts/bolts)

Step 6:
Place Oil pan under the power steering gear box (just above jack plate location)

Step 7:
Using the pliers slide one of the clips off the rubber hose (pipe joint) on the power steering gear box. Fluid will drain out immediately, so have that pan already in place under the hose

Step 8:
Slowly pour in some ATF into the reservoir, while another person sits in the car and SLOWLY turns the steering wheels from lock to lock – perform this at least 3 times. Watch the fluid in the reservoir so that it doesn’t drain out, and watch under the car to see when the old fluid is flushed out. The OEM fluid was brown and I used Synthetic which was red, so I could see when all the old fluid was flushed.

Step 9:
- Re-attach rubber hose (pipe joint) and slide the clip back into place.
- Put jack plate back on
- put plastic undercover back on

Step 10:
Pour in ATF to the MAX cold line on the reservoir and be ready to add more when the person turns the steering wheel.

Step 11:
Slowly turn the steering wheel lock to lock (3x or more) and watch the reservoir until bubbles stop appearing. Add ATF as needed! DO NOT LET THE REVERVOIR GET TOO LOW!!! This will suck more air into the system.

Step 12:
Start the car and Slowly turn the steering wheel lock to lock (3x or more) and watch the reservoir until bubbles stop appearing. Add ATF as needed.

Step 13:
Lower car onto the ground
Slowly turn the steering wheel lock to lock (3x or more) and watch the reservoir until bubbles stop appearing. Add ATF as needed

Step 14:
“In case the following happens, leave it about a half an hour and then do” STEP 11 to STEP 13 again:
a. Fluid level changes over 3 mm (0.12 in)
b. Bubbles remain on the upper surface of the fluid
c. Grinding noise is generated from power steering pump.

Step 15:
Replace power steering cap
Replace intake scoop

Done!
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Last edited by Rippen Griffen; 07-16-2007 at 11:17 AM.
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Old 07-16-2007, 11:27 AM   #2
mikeythejew
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An easier way is to use a suction gun and suck out and replenish the fluid several times. What is listed above may be a better method, but in the real world not needed.
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Old 07-16-2007, 11:29 AM   #3
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Old 07-16-2007, 11:34 AM   #4
Rippen Griffen
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Quote:
Originally Posted by mikeythejew View Post
An easier way is to use a suction gun and suck out and replenish the fluid several times. What is listed above may be a better method, but in the real world not needed.
I'm not sure which method would be easier/faster. Using your method would require more ATF and a person needs to be more careful about getting air bubbles into the system. Oh, and to own a suction gun.
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Old 07-16-2007, 11:41 AM   #5
mikeythejew
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You do have to waste some fluid to do the replenishing process. One person can do it alone however. Both ways are effective. Power steering and brake fluid are often overlooked, and cheap to change yourself.
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Old 07-18-2007, 07:45 PM   #6
Samurai Jack
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Quote:
Originally Posted by mikeythejew View Post
You do have to waste some fluid to do the replenishing process.
Really, why is that?

I simply sucked out the fluid in the reservoir and filled it back up with new fluid. Drove it for a week and repeated same.

No muss, no fuss, no wasted fluid.
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Old 07-19-2007, 08:45 AM   #7
Rippen Griffen
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Samurai Jack View Post
Really, why is that?

I simply sucked out the fluid in the reservoir and filled it back up with new fluid. Drove it for a week and repeated same.

No muss, no fuss, no wasted fluid.
You are blending the old fluid w/ the new, then sucking out the blended fluid, you have wasted fluid!
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Old 07-19-2007, 08:54 AM   #8
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Rippen Griffen View Post
You are blending the old fluid w/ the new, then sucking out the blended fluid, you have wasted fluid!
...and YOU have wasted a huge ammount of time and used 2 people to do it
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Old 07-19-2007, 08:59 AM   #9
Rippen Griffen
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Uncle Scotty View Post
...and YOU have wasted a huge ammount of time and used 2 people to do it
I have seen several different ways to accomplish this...since creating the write up. Where were you when I needed you

Oh well, it only required a little help from another person. They just sat in the car and turned the wheel.
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Old 07-19-2007, 09:06 AM   #10
Ernest
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Either way is fine. Unless you have some issue, there is barely a need to change the fluid. This is the first car that I ever changed the fluid in (I did it the suction way). I put 80K and 100K on two other cars and never did anything but top-off the power steering fluid when needed (not often). The only reason I would not take the whole thing apart is it is not worth the effort. Wasting a little bit fluid is minor is cost considering all the money we put into these things. BTW, there is no way a fluid change can be detected in the steering, unless something was wrong to begin with.
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Old 08-31-2008, 09:52 AM   #11
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I am still getting the groan/growl from from the steering upon a quick turn of the wheel (more than half way) and when I go to reverse the turn it does it again. Have I damaged something?

-Sub

(Thanks for the replies)
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Old 09-04-2008, 03:45 AM   #12
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Old 09-04-2008, 06:32 AM   #13
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did you notice anything from going to the old fluid to synthetic? may need your help doing so, just don't have a floor jack or jack stands to do it.

Last edited by viaburn26; 09-04-2008 at 06:39 AM.
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Old 09-06-2008, 06:22 AM   #14
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Quote:
Originally Posted by viaburn26 View Post
did you notice anything from going to the old fluid to synthetic? may need your help doing so, just don't have a floor jack or jack stands to do it.
i don't know what you're expecting to notice when you replace the fluid...steering isn't going to be ZOMG SUPER AWESOME just like changing your motor oil won't give you 30 extra HP. synthetic ATF is just more resistant to overheating which is what makes it turn brown and smelly
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Old 09-06-2008, 09:10 PM   #15
Rippen Griffen
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I didn't notice any changes with mine. Just figure that synthetic would help the parts wear better, and hopefully last longer.
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Old 10-14-2008, 02:06 PM   #16
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Basic question: I've always heard that ATF could be used in place of PSF. Are they exactly the same in lubrication and other qualities and OK to use as a "replacement?" Definitely, the red coloration in ATF would aid in the replacement process.
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Old 12-12-2008, 06:09 PM   #17
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Nice...
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Old 12-12-2008, 11:06 PM   #18
Mike Wevrick
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Why even change it? It's not like brake fluid where degradation has noticeable effects.
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Old 12-12-2008, 11:28 PM   #19
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Mike Wevrick View Post
Why even change it? It's not like brake fluid where degradation has noticeable effects.
au contraire......it DOES degrade and the synthetic ATF has a FAR higher operating temperature range and resists foaming better than regular fluid

or so I'm told

I noticed a difference when I changed mine.

M1 ATF is good...the Motul is better
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Old 03-24-2009, 12:58 PM   #20
MindzeyeWRX02
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Are the procedures for filling after replacing a power steering pump the same as above?? From Step 8?
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Old 04-20-2009, 03:02 PM   #21
mindovaanything
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I did mine without removing the center jack plate, but it would have probably been easier to detach the line with the jack plate removed.
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Old 11-19-2009, 04:29 PM   #22
Huskerfan91
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Quote:
Originally Posted by 2:43AM View Post
Basic question: I've always heard that ATF could be used in place of PSF. Are they exactly the same in lubrication and other qualities and OK to use as a "replacement?" Definitely, the red coloration in ATF would aid in the replacement process.
make sure that using psf is ok...i know on my cap it says "do not use PSF use ATF"
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Old 12-12-2009, 07:33 PM   #23
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Can you start the car with no fluid in the power steering line?
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Old 12-12-2009, 07:46 PM   #24
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yes, but you have to take off the PS belt, so you won't have an alternator either
otherwise you will be sucking are which can damage the pump
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Old 12-12-2009, 08:08 PM   #25
Forgiven
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This is the easiest thing I have done to my car...posted it earlier. All I needed was someone to start and stop the motor when re-filling the resevoir. No need to even jack up the car....

http://forums.nasioc.com/forums/show....php?t=1829934
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